This article contains instructions for the proper technique of lifting and transporting cargo, given by the University of Piraeus.
The lifting and the transport of heavy loads can cause sprains and dislocations in the waist, neck and limbs of the workers. The bodies of works in several cases are at high risk of suffering permanent damage.
For the lifting and carrying loads, you can use ancillary equipment, such as:
- Forklifts, pallet trucks, hand trucks etc.
- Hooks and hangers.
- Assistant crowbars.
- Ropes, slings, chains.
- Pulleys, hoists (depending on the weight and type of load).
Additionally, it is also needed:
- To use the appropriate personal protective equipment.
- To inspect and verify the size and the weight of the cargo (within your capabilities).
- To make sure that the load if free of grease.
- To make sure that the load will not shift during transportation.
- To plan the route you will follow before lifting the load.
- To make sure that there are no obstacles and there will not be any of them on your way.
- Approach the load that you are going to transfer.
- Make sure that your feet are close to each other (The one on the side and the other behind the load).
- Bend your knees with your back.
- Grasp the load firmly with the palms of the hands from non-slipping points.
- Pull the load close to your body and share your body weight on both feet.
- Take a deep breath.
- Keeping your back straight, slowly straighten your knees.
- Keeip the load steadily close to your body.
- Carry the load calmly and slowly, avoiding sudden movements.
In addition, beware
- Do not try to lift the load above your waist height in just one move.
- Beware that the load does not hide your field of view.
- Avoid carrying bulky, long and marginal loads on stairs.
- Make sure, when you have to pass through doors and corridors, that the opening fits.
- When transporting long objects (pipes, rods, bars, etc.) it is advisable to place them on your shoulder with the front end raised higher.
- Never lose your concentration despite how little the cargo weighs.
LOAD TRANSFER BY TWO PEOPLE
- Raise the load simultaneously.
- Keep the cargo level stable during trasportation.
- Move smoothly and synchronously.
- Deploy the load simultaneously.
- When you deliver the load to your colleague, before you leave it, make sure that he has grabbed it steadily. Before the transportation, specify the way you will notify each other if anyone of the two needs to leave the cargo abruptly.
UNSTEADY LOAD TRANSFER
- Grasp the load firmly on the two corners of the top and its base.
- Lift your body using your feet and with your hands.
- Lift the load and place it on your hip.
- Stand up carrying the load on your shoulder.
UPWARDS LOAD TRANSFER
- Use a firmly supported pedestal or platform of suitable height, so your shoulders reach the height of the load.
- Push the load to check its weight/stability.
- Bring the load to your side, grasp it firmly and lower it by letting your hands and your feet do all the work.
- Never try to grab a heavy load that is higher than your shoulders height.
- Never stand in stacked objects of chairs and stools that may be overturned.
TRANSMISSION OF LOAD
- See the selected location of the cargo.
- Bend the knees and lower your body along with the load, keeping your back straight.
- Be careful not to have your fingers an the bottom of the load.
- Lay the load on the ground.
IN PREMISES OF LIMITED DIMENSIONS:
- Lower the load on their edge and the push it in.
DURING THE INSTALLATION OF A CARGO UP TO A BRACKET:
- Make sure that the bracket is securely mounted and that is powerful enough to withstand the weight of the load.
Source: University Of Piraeus.